Birds in Refugio Los Volcanes, Amboro Park (ca. 1000-1350 m)

Bird list Refugio Los Volcanes, by Sebastian K. Herzog & Victor Hugo Garcia Soliz, Asociación Armonía – BirdLife International, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Additional observations kindly provided by: Nick Acheson, Rosendo Fraga, A. Bennett Hennessey, Rich Hoyer, Michael Kessler, Ross MacLeod, Lelis Navarette, Jonas Nilsson, Kim Risen, and Larry Rubey.

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
Tinamus tao, Gray Tinamou, Resident
Crypturellus obsoletus, Brown Tinamou, Resident
Crypturellus tataupa, Tataupa Tinamou, Seasonal movements

Cracidae (Guans)
Ortalis guttata, Speckled Chachalaca, Heard once in October 2003
Penelope montagnii, Andean Guan, uncommon, possibly movements
Pipile cumanensis, Blue-throated Piping-Guan, Observed twice
Mitu tuberosa, Razor-billed Curassow, Seen repeatedly in May 2004

Odontophoridae (Wood-Quail)
Odontophorus speciosus, Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail, Resident

Ardeidae (Herons)
Tigrisoma lineatum, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Observed once (ABH)
Tigrisoma fasciatum, Fasciated Tiger-Heron, An adult observed once (SKH), repeatedly immatures of presumably this species

Cathartidae (Vultures)
Cathartes aura, Turkey Vulture, Resident
Coragyps atratus, Black Vulture, Resident
Sarcoramphus papa, King Vulture, Rare and irregular, but seen year-round
Vultur gryphus, Andean Condor, Uncommon and irregular, mostly in dry season

Accipitridae (Hawks & Eagles)
Leptodon cayanensis, Gray-headed Kite, Only observed once, Aug. 2003
Elanoides forficatus, Swallow-tailed Kite, Seasonal movements/irregular
Harpagus bidentatus, Double-toothed Kite, Rare visitor
Ictinia plumbea, Plumbeous Kite, Seasonal movements?
Accipiter striatus, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Only one observation in March 2005 (RH)
Accipiter bicolor, Bicolored Hawk, Rare visitor, only observed in Oct. 1997 (SKH) & Aug. 2004 (NA)
Harpyhaliaetus solitarius, Solitary Eagle, One observation at station, Nov. 2003
Geranoaetus melanoleucus, Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle,Probably resident, rare
Buteo magnirostris, Roadside Hawk, Resident
Buteo brachyurus, Short-tailed Hawk, Rare visitor
Buteo albicaudatus, White-tailed Hawk, Only observed in August 2002
Buteo polyosoma, Red-backed Hawk, Only one observation (RH)

Falconidae (Falcons)
Micrastur ruficollis, Barred Forest-Falcon, Resident
Micrastur semitorquatus, Collared Forest-Falcon, First observed in June 2003, rare
Falco sparverius, American Kestrel, At lodge, irregular
Falco rufigularis, Bat Falcon, Probably resident
Falco femoralis, Aplomado Falcon, Rare, flying over
Falco deiroleucus, Orange-breasted Falcon, One observation by Robert Ridgely and another one by our client Val Berry in April 2019.

Orange-breasted falcon

Orange-breasted falcon

Rallidae (Rails)

Aramides cajanea, Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Seasonal movements?, Rare

Eurypygidae (Sunbittern)
Eurypyga helias, Sunbittern, Seasonal movements?

Columbidae, (Pigeons & Doves)
Columba plumbea, Plumbeous Pigeon, Resident
Zenaida auriculata, Eared Dove, Rare visitor
Columbina picui, Picui, Ground-Dove, Rare visitor
Claravis pretiosa, Blue Ground-Dove, Rare visitor
Leptotila verreauxi, White-tipped Dove, Rare visitor
Leptotila megalura, Large-tailed Dove, Resident
Geotrygon montana, Ruddy Quail-Dove, Uncommon, resident
Geotrygon frenata, White-throated Quail-Dove, One in July 2003, a pair in Aug. 2003

Psittacidae (Parrots)
Ara militaris, Military Macaw, Uncommon winter visitor (mostly May through November)
Aratinga mitrata, Mitred Parakeet, Resident
Pyrrhura molinae, Green-cheeked Parakeet, Resident
Brotogeris chiriri, Yellow-chevroned Parakeet, Resident
Pionus menstruus, Blue-headed Parrot, Observed only once (2 birds) in August 2004 (NA)
Pionus sordidus, Red-billed Parrot, Irregular in small numbers
Pionus maximiliani, Scaly-headed Parrot, Resident
Amazona aestiva, Blue-fronted Parrot, Seasonal variations in abundance
Amazona mercenaria, Scaly-naped Parrot, Rare visitor
Amazona farinosa, Mealy Parrot, One observation in Nov. 2003 (tape recording)

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
Coccyzus melacoryphus, Dark-billed Cuckoo, One observation, migrating through
Piaya cayana, Squirrel Cuckoo, Resident, fairly common
Guira guira, Guira Cuckoo, Rare visitor in disturbed areas
Crotophaga ani, Smooth-billed Ani, Rare visitor in disturbed areas

Strigidae (Owls)
Otus choliba, Tropical Screech-Owl, near dry ridge road, prob. resident
Otus ingens, Rufescent Screech-Owl, Resident
Otus watsonii, Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl, Resident
Pulsatrix melanota, Band-bellied Owl, Resident
Ciccaba huhula, Black-banded Owl, Only observed once (SKH)
Glaucidium brasilianum, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Movements?
Glaucidium parkeri, Subtropical Pygmy-Owl, First observed in June 2003, prob. resident

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
Nyctibius griseus, Common Potoo, Heard irregularly at field station

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)
Nyctiphrynus ocellatus, Ocellated Poorwill, Resident
Caprimulgus rufus, Rufous Nightjar, Between-year variations in abundance
Uropsalis lyra, Lyre-tailed Nightjar, Only observed once in Oct. 1997 (SKH)

Apodidae (Swifts)
Streptoprocne rutila, Chestnut-collared Swift, Flying over, irregular
Streptoprocne zonaris, White-collared Swift, Flying over, fairly common
Aeronautes montivagus, White-tipped Swift, Flying over, irregular?

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
Phaethornis stuarti, White-browed Hermit, One observation in Feb. and April 2005, one net capture in March 2005
Phaethornis subochraceus, Buff-bellied Hermit, One observation (ABH)
Phaethornis pretrei, Planalto Hermit, Rare, small numbers year-round
Phaethornis malaris, Great-billed Hermit, Resident, common
Campylopterus largipennis, Gray-breasted Sabrewing, Only observed once in December 2004 (VG)
Colibri coruscans, Sparkling Violet-ear, Seasonal movements
Chlorostilbon mellisugus, Blue-tailed Emerald, Rare visitor
Chlorostilbon aureoventris, Glittering-bellied Emerald, Rare visitor
Thalurania furcata, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Resident, common
Chrysuronia oenone, Golden-tailed Sapphire, Seasonal movements, rare
Amazilia chionogaster, White-bellied Hummingbird, Resident, but seasonal variations in abundance
Heliodoxa leadbeateri, Violet-fronted Brilliant, Mist netted on rare occasions
Ocreatus underwoodii, Booted Racquet-tail, Rare to uncommon visitor
Sappho sparganura, Red-tailed Comet, A male mist netted February 2004
Aglaiocercus kingi, Long-tailed Sylph, One observation, a male Oct. 2003
Calliphlox amethystina, Amethyst Woodstar, Oct.(?) and Nov. 2004 (photos by RML)
Microstilbon burmeisteri, Slender-tailed Woodstar, Seasonal movements, rare

Trogonidae (Trogons)
Trogon curucui, Blue-crowned Trogon, Resident, fairly common to common
Trogon personatus, Masked Trogon, Resident, rare

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Ceryle torquata, Ringed Kingfisher, Rare, irregular?
Chloroceryle americana, Green Kingfisher, A female seen in December 2003 (VG), one seen in Oct. 2004
Chloroceryle aenea, American Pygmy-Kingfisher, Only observed once (VG), a male Sept. 2004

Momotidae (Motmots)
Momotus momota, Blue-crowned Motmot, Rare, seasonal movements?

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
Nystalus chacuru, White-eared Puffbird, One observation (ABH; breeds in nearby secondary scrub)
Malacoptila fulvogularis, Black-streaked Puffbird, Rare, nesting observed October 1997 and December 2004, apparently resident

Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
Eubucco versicolor, Versicolored Barbet, One observation (LR)

Ramphastidae (Toucans)
Aulacorhynchus derbianus, Chestnut-tipped Toucanet, Probably resident, uncommon
Pteroglossus castanotis, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Resident, but apparently seasonal variations in abundance
Ramphastos vitellinus, Channel-billed Toucan, Resident, uncommon
Ramphastos toco, Toco Toucan, Only one observation (LR)
Ramphastos tucanus, White-throated Toucan, Only one observation in July 2003 (VG, tape recorded)

Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Picumnus dorbignyanus, Ocellated Piculet, Resident, rare to uncommon
Picumnus albosquamatus, White-wedged Piculet, Only two observations (ABH, NA)
Melanerpes cruentatus, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Rare visitor, heard only a few times
Picoides lignarius, Striped Woodpecker, Only two observations in October 1997 (SKH)
Veniliornis sp. (fumigatus?), (Smoky-brown?) Woodpecker, A handful of observations, SKH heard raps (no visual confirmation yet)
Piculus rubiginosus, Golden-olive Woodpecker, Occasional visitor
Dryocopus lineatus, Lineated Woodpecker, Resident
Campephilus rubricollis, Red-necked Woodpecker, Resident
Campephilus melanoleucos, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Resident

Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers)
Dendrocincla fuliginosa, Plain-brown Woodcreeper, One observation (ABH)
Sittasomus griseicapillus, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Resident, common
Dendrocolaptes picumnus, Black-banded Woodcreeper, Resident, uncommon
Xiphorhynchus picus, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Only observed Jan.-March 2005
Xiphorhynchus ocellatus, Ocellated Woodcreeper, Resident, common
Campylorhamphus trochilirostris, Red-billed Scythebill, Prob. resident

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)
Synallaxis frontalis, Sooty-fronted Spinetail, Only in October 1997
Synallaxis scutata, Ochre-cheeked Spinetail, Resident
Cranioleuca pyrrhophia, Stripe-crowned Spinetail, Rare visitor, only in Oct. 1997 & 2003
Simoxenops striatus, Bolivian Recurvebill, Resident, uncommon in humid forest
Philydor rufum, Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner, Resident
Sclerurus albigularis, Gray-throated Leaftosser, Resident
Lochmias nematura, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Only in June, Aug. & Oct. 2003 along humid forest stream
Xenops rutilans, Streaked Xenops, Resident

Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)
Batara cinerea, Giant Antshrike, Visitor? Rare
Thamnophilus palliatus, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Resident, in secondary scrub
Thamnophilus caerulescens, Variable Antshrike, Prob. resident, rare
Dysithamnus mentalis, Plain Antvireo, Resident, common
Myrmotherula grisea, Yungas Antwren, One observation of a pair, Oct. 1997 (MK)
Herpsilochmus atricapillus, Black-capped Antwren, Resident, fairly common to common
Pyriglena leuconota, White-backed Fire-Eye, Resident

Formicariidae (Antpittas)
Chamaeza campanisona, Short-tailed Antthrush, Resident, common

Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)
Conopophaga ardesiaca, Slaty Gnateater, Resident, fairly common to common

Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)
Scytalopus bolivianus, Bolivian Tapaculo, Resident

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
Phyllomyias burmeisteri, Rough-legged Tyrannulet, Heard frequently June 2003 through Feb. 2004, occasionally afterwards, breeding
Phyllomias sclateri, Sclater’s Tyrannulet, Resident
Miopagis gaimardii, Forest Elaenia, Only in Aug. (KR) and Oct. 2004 (a pair, SKH)
Myiopagis caniceps, Gray Elaenia, Austral migrant, just passing through
Elaenia albiceps, White-crested Elaenia, Seasonal movements
Elaenia strepera, Slaty Elaenia, Austral migrant, just passing through
Elaenia chiriquensis, Lesser Elaenia, Two records in Aug. 2004
Camptostoma obsoletum, Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Resident
Mecocerculus hellmayri, Buff-banded Tyrannulet, Rare visitor
Mecocerculus leucophrys, White-throated Tyrannulet, Rare visitor
Serpophaga munda, White-bellied Tyrannulet, Rare visitor
Phaeomyias murina, Mouse-colored Tyrannulet, Austral migrant, just passing through during spring (October/November)
Corythopis torquata, Ringed Antpipit, One net capture of a juvenile, Oct. 2003
Phylloscartes ophthalmicus, Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant, Resident, rare to uncommon
Phylloscartes orbitalis, Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant, Only one observation, Aug. 2004 (KR)
Phylloscartes ventralis, Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet, Seasonal movements? Rare
Mionectes striaticollis, Streak-necked Flycatcher, Rare visitor
Mionectes macconnelli, McConnell’s Flycatcher, Resident, common
Leptopogon amaurocephalus, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Resident, fairly common
Leptopogon superciliaris, Slaty-capped Flycatcher, Resident, fairly common
Sublegatus modestus, Southern Scrub-Flycatcher, Only one observation at lodge and one mist net capture
Myiornis albiventris, White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant, Apparently resident, uncommon
Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer, Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant, Resident
Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, Observed only once, Oct. 1997 (SKH)
Tolmomyias sulphurescens, Yellow-olive Flycatcher, Resident
Platyrinchus mystaceus, White-throated Spadebill, Resident in humid forest
Myiophobus fasciatus, Bran-colored Flycatcher, Occasional visitor
Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea, Cinnamon Flycatcher, Occasional visitor
Hirundinea ferruginea, Cliff Flycatcher, Resident
Lathrotriccus euleri, Euler’s Flycatcher, Seasonal movements, rare
Cnemotriccus fuscatus, Fuscous Flycatcher, Only in Oct. 1997 & 2003
Contopus fumigatus, Smoke-colored Pewee, Rare visitor
Contopus sordidulus, Western Wood-Pewee, Boreal migrant, fairly common summer resident
Contopus cinereus, Tropical Pewee, Few mist net captures in late 2004 (migrants)
Sayornis nigricans, Black Phoebe, Resident
Pyrocephalus rubinus, Vermilion Flycatcher, An immature moulting into adult plumage at station, dry season 2004 & 2005
Knipolegus signatus, Andean Tyrant, Occasional visitor, altitudinal movements?
Knipolegus poecilurus, Rufous-tailed Tyrant, Only one observation in August 2004 (NA)
Muscisaxicola maculirostris, Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant, Only one observation, a juvenile in March 2005 (photographed by RH)
Myiotheretes striaticollis, Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant, Seasonal movements?
Legatus leucophaius, Piratic Flycatcher, Observed in Oct. 2002, Jan., Oct. & Nov. 2004
Pitangus sulphuratus, Great Kiskadee, Rare visitor at lodge
Myiodynastes chrysocephalus, Golden-crowned Flycatcher, Prob. resident
Myiodynastes luteiventris, Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Boreal migrant, uncommon summer resident
Myiodynastes maculatus, Streaked Flycatcher, Seasonal movements
Megarynchus pitangua, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Only one observation (ABH)
Empidonomus varius, Variegated Flycatcher, Austral migrant, apparently breeding in some years
Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus, Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher, One immature, Feb. 2003, austral migrant
Tyrannus melancholicus, Tropical Kingbird, Resident at lodge, although some movements are apparent
Tyrannus savana, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, A pair and a single bird in February 2004
Tyrannus tyrannus, Eastern Kingbird, Boreal migrant, rare visitor
Casiornis rufa, Rufous Casiornis, Seasonal variations, more common during austral winter
Myiarchus tuberculifer, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Resident
Myiarchus cephalotes, Pale-edged Flycatcher, Resident, prob some seasonal variations in abundance
Myiarchus tyrannulus, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Austral migrant, passing through in October (one record Aug. 2004 by NA)
Ramphotrigon ruficauda, Rufous-tailed Flatbill, One observation January 2004 (SKH)

Cotingidae (Cotingas)
Tityra semifasciata, Masked Tityra, Seasonal movements
Pachyramphus viridis, Green-backed Becard, A pair once, Aug. 2003, humid forest plot
Pachyramphus polychopterus, White-winged Becard, Apparently resident, rare to uncommon
Pachyramphus validus, Crested Becard, A female/imm. twice in May 2003 and once in May 2004
Pipreola intermedia, Band-tailed Fruiteater, A male once in April 2004 (VG)
Pipreola frontalis, Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater, Only two observations (SKH, VG)

Pipridae (Manakins)
Chiroxiphia boliviana, Yungas Manakin, Resident, fairly common to common
Piprites chloris, Wing-barred Piprites, Apparently resident

Vireonidae (Vireos)
Cyclarhis gujanensis, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Seasonal movements
Vireo olivaceus, Red-eyed Vireo, Seasonal movements, rare
Hylophilus ochraceiceps, Tawny-crowned Greenlet, Only one observation (SKH)

Corvidae (Jays)
Cyanocorax cyanomelas, Purplish Jay, Resident, common
Cyanocorax chrysops, Plush-crested Jay, Resident, common

Hirundinidae (Swallows)
Progne chalybea, Gray-breasted Martin, Austral migrant, only one observation
Pygochelidon cyanoleuca, Blue-and-white Swallow, Rare visitor during cold southern storm fronts

Troglodytidae (Wrens)
Thryothorus genibarbis, Moustached Wren, Resident
Troglodytes aedon, House Wren, Resident

Turdidae (Thrushes)
Myadestes ralloides, Andean Solitaire, One mist net capture of a juvenile May 2005
Catharus dryas, Spotted Nightingale-Thrush, Rare visitor
Catharus ustulatus, Swainson’s Thrush, Boreal migrant, common in austral summer
Turdus fuscater, Great Thrush, Only one observation
Turdus chiguanco, Chiguanco Thrush, Seasonal movements, rare
Turdus nigriceps, Andean Slaty-Thrush, Seasonal/altitudinal movements, winter resident
Turdus rufiventris, Rufous-bellied Thrush, Resident
Turdus amaurochalinus, Creamy-bellied Thrush, Rare visitor (austral migrant)
Turdus hauxwelli, Hauxwell’s Thrush, Observed only once in August 2004 (NA)
Turdus albicollis, White-necked Robin, Resident, seasonal variations in abundance

Thraupidae (Tanagers)
Thlypopsis sordida, Orange-headed Tanager, Rare visitor
Thlypopsis ruficeps, Rust-and-yellow Tanager, One observation
Trichothraupis melanops, Black-goggled Tanager, Resident
Ramphocelus carbo, Silver-beaked Tanager, Resident, disturbed areas
Thraupis sayaca, Sayaca Tanager, Resident, seasonal variations in abundance
Thraupis palmarum, Palm Tanager, Resident
Anisognathus sumptuosus, Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, Probably resident, rare
Pipraeidea melanonota, Fawn-breasted Tanager, Seasonal movements? Rare
Tangara chilensis, Paradise Tanager, One observation (SKH)
Tangara schrankii, Green-and-gold Tanager, One observation in May 2005 (VG)
Tangara xanthocephala, Saffron-crowned Tanager, Resident, rare
Tangara cyanotis, Blue-browed Tanager, Resident, rare
Tangara argyrofenges, Green-throated Tanager, Seasonal movements
Dacnis cayana, Blue Dacnis, Resident, rare
Hemithraupis guira, Guira Tanager, Resident, common
Conirostrum speciosum, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Rare visitor, a pair in December 2003 and in May 2004
Diglossa sittoides, Rusty Flowerpiercer, Rare visitor in disturbed areas
Chlorospingus ophthalmicus, Common Bush-Tanager, Resident, uncommon
Piranga flava, Hepatic Tanager, One observation (SKH)
Piranga olivacea, Scarlet Tanager, One observation, ASY male in alternate plumage, 2 Feb. 2005 (SKH)
Piranga leucoptera, White-winged Tanager, Resident
Chlorothraupis carmioli, Carmiol’s Tanager, One observation Oct. 1997 (SKH)
Euphonia chlorotica, Purple-throated Euphonia, Resident
Euphonia laniirostris, Thick-billed Euphonia, Resident, seasonal variations in abundance
Euphonia cyanocephala, Golden-rumped Euphonia, Seasonal movements depending on availability of fruiting mistletoe
Euphonia mesochrysa, Bronze-green Euphonia, Apparently resident, rare
Euphonia xanthogaster, Orange-bellied Euphonia, Rare visitor
Chlorophonia cyanea, Blue-naped Chlorophonia, Resident, uncommon

Emberizidae (Emberizid Finches)
Volatinia jacarina, Blue-black Grassquit, Two observations, Dec. 2004 (mist netted) & April 2005 (VG)
Sporophila schistacea, Slate-colored Seedeater, Irregular, depending on seeding bamboo
Sporophila lineola, Lined Seedeater, A male at station in Oct. 2004
Sporophila caerulescens, Double-collared Seedeater, Two observations, Aug. 2004 (KR, JN)
Tiaris obscura, Dull-colored Grassquit, Two observations, Oct. & Nov. 2003 (SKH)
Arremon flavirostris, Saffron-billed Sparrow, Resident
Coryphospingus cucullatus, Red-crested Finch, Rare visitor

Cardinalidae (Saltators)
Pheucticus aureoventris, Black-backed Grosbeak, Seasonal movements/rare
Saltator maximus, Buff-throated Saltator, Probably resident
Cyanocompsa brissonii, Ultramarine Grosbeak, Immature male (?) twice at station in July 2003

Parulidae (Wood-Warblers)
Parula pitiayumi, Tropical Parula, Resident, common
Dendroica striata, Blackpoll Warbler, boreal migrant, observed only a few times
Geothlypis aequinoctialis, Masked Yellowthroat, Only observed in some years, rare
Wilsonia canadensis, Canada Warbler, Boreal migrant, two observations and two mist net captures
Myioborus miniatus, Slate-throated Redstart, Resident
Myioborus brunniceps, Brown-capped Redstart, One observation (SKH)
Basileuterus bivittatus, Two-banded Warbler, Resident, common
Basileuterus culicivorus, Golden-crowned Warbler, Only at lodge clearing, Aug. 2003 & 2004 (NA)
Phaeothlypis rivularis, Riverbank Warbler, Probably resident, rare

Icteridae (Blackbirds)
Psarocolius angustifrons, Russet-backed Oropendola, Rare visitor (RF; KR in Aug. 2004)
Psarocolius atrovirens, Dusky-green Oropendola, Resident
Psarocolius decumanus, Crested Oropendola, Resident
Molothrus oryzivorus, Giant Cowbird, One observation at lodge (SKH)
Sturnella superciliaris, White-browed Blackbird, One observation, imm. male April 2005 (VG)

Fringillidae (Siskins)
Carduelis magellanica, Hooded Siskin, Seasonal movements, mainly in austral winter